In a bowl, add all the dry ingredients for the pastry along with oil.
Slowly add water to knead a medium stiff modak dough.
Cover it and keep it aside for 30 minutes.
Divide it into small balls and roll them into small circles of equal size using a rolling pin.
Add 1 tbsp. filling to each of these dough circles and hold it in your palm.
Fold the edges of each modak, slowly between fingers and close their loop, by slowly rotating it( like you would do for any dumpling).
Air fry the modaks for 10 min at 190 deg C and 10-12 mins at 170 C | 340 F. Spray oil every 5 mins.
Store them in an airtight container once they are at room temperature.